Recubrimientos cerámicos de barrera térmica

  • Darío Zambrano Mera Grupo de Tribología y Superficies. Facultad de Minas Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Medellín
Palabras clave: Recubrimientos de barrera térmica, turbinas a gas, YSZ, desgaste, corrosión, alta temperatura

Resumen

El desarrollo de la tecnología de recubrimientos de barrera térmica es importante debido a las propiedades que posee, lo que incrementó la aplicabilidad y uso en diferentes disciplinas industriales. En la actualidad su utilidad más explorada y más estudiada es su aplicación en turbinas de gas, e industria aeroespacial, donde las condiciones de operación son severas, y en las cuales los materiales deben soportar condiciones a altas temperaturas, degradación por corrosión, esfuerzos térmicos y mecánicos. Los materiales utilizados ahora en los componentes de las turbinas de gas forman un sistema de una capa cerámica con una composición química de circonia estabilizada con itria y una capa de anclaje de MCrAlY. La función principal de los recubrimientos es aumentar la resistencia a la alta temperatura y disminuir la conductividad térmica exterior - sustrato. En el presente trabajo se aborda de manera general la historia, desarrollo y perspectivas de estos recubrimientos, dar a conocer los beneficios tecnológicos e innovación del estudio y mejoramiento de esos materiales.

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Publicado
2013-12-30
Cómo citar
Zambrano Mera, D. (2013). Recubrimientos cerámicos de barrera térmica. Revista CINTEX, 18, 261-282. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.pascualbravo.edu.co/index.php/cintex/article/view/60
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ARTÍCULOS / ARTICLES